3 Estudio en Jordania

  • 10:20am to 11:05am,  segundo hablante, 45 minutes  (traduce Stella)
    Sameeh Al Nuimat: Cosechamiento de aguas para aumentar la tasa per capita de agua en regiones secas (un estudio desde Jordania) 
presentación http://su.pr/8pFzaR (gracias Ethan!)

Topic:  Jordan is a water-scarce country facing a critical shortage of water for the immediate and long-term. Presently, Jordan uses 120% of its renewable water resources resulting in an annual deficit of 600 million cubic meters this year. Jordan is one of the fourth most water-deprived countries in the world. The country’s growing population with a 2.4% growth rate, intensive farming, approaching drought, and industrial development all put pressure on this limited resource, creating a severe imbalance between water supply and demand. Water availability has dropped from 3600 cubic meters per capita in 1946 to 160 cubic meters per capita today. Inefficient agricultural practices use 65% of the nation’s water while generating less than 8% of the GDP. Water distribution is carried out by the Ministry of Water and Irrigation, and in most (98%) of the cases, reaches residents through a piping reticulation system. The maintenance of this extensive water system is not a task that the government has been able to adequately address, and so technology failures continue to cause problems with water supply and distribution. Due to Jordan’s varying landscape, those in the low lands are more likely to receive their regular rations than their counterparts at higher elevations.

Available technologies for water-saving are not well demonstrated or marketed to decrease the impact of climate change on the vulnerable livelihoods of rural farmers in the dry lands. Also, many people/farmers use inefficient and counter-productive solutions to overcome difficulties related to water shortages and climatic change and erratic conditions. In short, whether through lack of knowledge, funds, absence of strategic planning, or participation, current practices undermine natural resource management objectives and are detrimental to the country’s development prospects.

Many locals inherited a wide range of experience with adaptation to water shortages and rainfall fluctuation from traditional ways, ranging from harvesting rainfall around individual trees and storing it in the tree root zone, to harvesting rainfall and saving it for future uses in underground water wells after lining it with lime and sand in the past and with cement and sand more recently.

 

Background: Sameeh al Nuimat is a certified agriculture engineer as well as civil engineer and Permaculture designer. He has worked for over 25 years with the ministry of agriculture, inspiring people to improve livelihoods through better management of their natural resources, and managing living in a sustainable manner. He is a project manager of a Permaculture project with CARE International, Jordan, working to minimize the impact of climatic changes on livelihoods of vulnerable rural farmers through demonstrating integration of affordable and easily replicable cost-effective techniques. Sameeh is also a farmer, running his own organic farm and is a head of a voluntary society working for welfare of the local people in his home village. He works extensively in Permaculture education and sustainable systems design in Jordan. He has devoted many years to improve management of natural resources in a sustainable manner with integrity in his home village through building the capacity of the local CBO and running a revolving loan scheme among the locals.



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